Growth, Mortality and Exploitation Rates of African Moonfish (Selene dorsalis, Gill 1863) Encountered in the Coast of Ghana (West Africa)
Published: 3 March 2021
European Journal of Biology and Biotechnology , Volume 2, pp 6-10; doi:10.24018/ejbio.2021.2.2.154
Abstract: Growth, mortality and exploitation rate of Selene dorsalis (Gill, 1863) from the continental shelf of Ghana (West Africa) were examined between July 2018 and June 2019. The study provided results on fishery dynamics parameters needed to estimate the stock status and characteristics of S. dorsalis in the coast of Ghana. Monthly length-frequency data were collected from 629 samples and analysed using fisheries models fitted in TropFishR package in R software. The von Bertalanffy growth parameters were utilised to analyse the population dynamics of the species using ELEFAN Simulating Annealing. Based on the estimates, the asymptotic total length (L∞) was 22.2 cm, the coefficient of growth (K) was 0.76 year-1, and the calculated growth performance index (phi) was 2.58 with Rn value of 0.55. The total mortality rate (Z) was 3.32 year-1 with a natural mortality rate (M) of 1.21 year-1 and fishing mortality rate (F) of 2.11 year-1. The exploitation rate (E) estimated for the species was above the optimum level of 0.5, which indicates that S. dorsalis is overexploited in the coast of Ghana. It can be concluded that the exploitation rate of S. dorsalis has exceeded the optimum limit, hence the need for enforcement and improvement of fisheries management measures such as mesh size regulations, capping of canoes, closed fishing seasons and compliance with fisheries policies.
Keywords: mortality / Africa / package / Selene / Gill / dorsalis / exploitation rate / coast of Ghana
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