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APPLICATION OF MULTISPECTRAL IMAGES TO SEARCH FOR CONSTRUCTION OBJECTS ON THE SPECTRAL SIGNATURES BASE

D. Nazyrova, Z. Aitkozha

Abstract: The work is devoted to the study of Landsat-8 multispectral images of not high resolution using the spectral angle method on the base of spectral signatures libraries to detect objects under construction in an urban area. The physical basis of the research method is that all objects have different reflection coefficients depending on the wavelength. This property makes it possible to identify various substances by their spectral signatures. In the work, an automatic comparison of the curves of the spectral reflectivity of objects on a low resolution space multispectral image was made to identify the identity of the characteristic energy absorption and reflection zones for detecting objects in the construction process. The article also describes the stages of image preprocessing, cross-track illumination correction of the image, atmospheric correction, and mathematical operations of bands transformation, which provide more opportunities for analysis and recognition of objects using a spectral study of a space image. The study accurately determines the presence or absence of the desired materials, since the search is based on the molecular structure of the substance. Also, the use of multispectral images allows you to analyze the entire city at the same time. The initial data was taken from a 2021 Landsat-8 satellite image with 11 bands, with a resolution of 30 meters, which was enhanced to 15 meters during pre-processing. The results of the search and detection of objects under construction in the city are given. The detection results can be used as input data for further in-depth analysis.
Keywords: multispectral images / resolution / detect objects / Landsat / detecting objects in the construction / structure / objects under construction

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