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Karakteristik Heterotopia Ruang Kafe dalam Al-Karnak Karya Najib Mahfudz: Analisis Other Space Michel Foucault

Fadlun Suweleh
Published: 18 December 2020

Abstract: Hal menarik yang menjadi ciri khas tulisan Najib Mahfudz selain politik adalah keberadaan latar tempat kafe yang nyaris tak pernah alpa dari karya-karyanya. Penelitian ini bertujuan menggambarkan karakteristik heterotopia ruang kafe dalam novel Al-Karnak (1974, 2008) karya Najib Mahfudz. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif. Data penelitian ini berupa kalimat atau dialog antartokoh yang berhubungan dengan kafe dan ruang heterotopia. Dengan menggunakan konsep other space Michel Foucault, penelitian ini menemukan adanya karakteristik heterotopia pada ruang kafe Karnak dalam novel Al-Karnak karya Najib Mahfudz. Sebagai karya memorial, Al-Karnak menggambarkan kafe Karnak dengan sangat kompleks. Kompleksitas tersebut erat kaitannya dengan realitas sosial masyarakat Mesir pasca perang Juni 1967. Kafe Karnak mampu merepresentasikan kondisi masyarakat Mesir yang menanggung beban distopis sekaligus menginginkan kehidupan utopis pada masa itu. Penelitian ini melihat bahwa karakteristik heterotopia yang ditemukan dalam kafe Karnak berkontribusi dalam memproduksi ruang lain, yang direfleksikan melalui imajinasi serta realitas tokoh-tokoh dalam novel.Kata kunci: heterotopia; kafe; ruang lain; utopia[Heterotopia Characteristics of Café in Najib Mahfudz’s Al-Karnak: Michel Foucault’s Other Space Analysis] The interesting thing that characterizes Najib Mahfudz’s works besides politics is the existence of café setting which is almost never neglected from his works. This study aims to describe the heterotopia characteristics of the café space in the novel Al-Karnak (1974, 2008) by Najib Mahfudz. This study uses a qualitative method. The data in this study are in the form of sentences or dialogues between figures related to cafes and heterotopia spaces. By using the concept of other space by Michel Foucault, this research found the characteristics of heterotopia at Karnak café space in Al-Karnak novel by Najib Mahfudz. As a memorial work, Al-Karnak describes Karnak café so complexly. The complexity is closely related to the social realities of the post-war June 1967 Egyptian society. Karnak café is able to represent the conditions of Egyptian society who bear the burden of dystopian as well as want a utopian life in those days. This research then sees that the heterotopia characteristics found in Karnak café can contribute in producing ‘other spaces’ which are reflected through the imagination and reality of the characters in Al-Karnak novel.
Keywords: Karnak / Novel Al / Space Michel / Najib Mahfudz / space by Michel Foucault

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