Basement Membrane Helps Maintain Epidermal Hyaluronan Content
The American Journal of Pathology , Volume 191, pp 1010-1019; doi:10.1016/j.ajpath.2021.03.007
Abstract: Hyaluronan (HA) is the major glycosaminoglycan in the extracellular matrix of most mammalian tissues, including the epidermis. It is synthesized in epidermis, and mainly metabolized after transfer to the liver via lymphatic vessels in the dermis following its passage through the basement membrane (BM) at the dermal-epidermal junction. The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of BM integrity on the level of HA in the epidermis. Epidermal HA content was decreased in sun-exposed skin of older subjects, whose BM structure was impaired, compared with sun-exposed young skin and sun-protected skin, in which BM integrity was well maintained. In an organotypic culture model of sun-exposed facial skin, epidermal HA was increased in the presence of inhibitors of BM-degrading matrix metalloproteinases and heparanase. In a skin equivalent model treated with these inhibitors, HA content was increased in the epidermis, but decreased in conditioned medium. These findings suggest that the BM at the dermal-epidermal junction plays an important role in maintaining epidermal HA levels.
Keywords: epidermis / epidermal / model / matrix / sun / Hyaluronan / structure / basement
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