Safety assessment of Streptococcus salivarius DB-B5 as a probiotic candidate for oral health
Abstract: Streptococcus salivarius DB-B5 was previously isolated from the supragingival plaque of a healthy female adult and selected for development as a probiotic candidate for oral health. Probiotics are an important emerging therapeutic method for preventing, treating, and maintaining oral health. Although S. salivarius is a predominant member of the commensal oral microbiota and generally regarded as a safe species, it is recognized that each strain needs to be comprehensively assessed for safety. This study describes the in silico, in vitro, and clinical testing that were conducted to evaluate the safety of S. salivarius DB-B5. Both 16S rRNA and multi-gene phylogenetic reconstruction was used to confirm the taxonomic identity of this strain. Bioinformatic analysis of the genome demonstrated the absence of transmissible antibiotic resistance genes or virulence factors. Phenotypic testing further showed S. salivarius DB-B5 to be susceptible to clinically relevant antibiotics. S. salivarius DB-B5 displayed weak alpha-hemolysis, and does not produce biogenic amines. In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical study, consumption of S. salivarius DB-B5 at 10 billion CFU/day for 4 weeks by healthy adults was safe and well-tolerated (ClinicalTrials.gov registry number NCT04492631). This work has indicated that S. salivarius DB-B5 is a safe probiotic candidate.
Keywords: Streptococcus salivarius / Safety / Probiotic / Oral health
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