Visible Light-Induced Reactivity of Plasmonic Gold Nanoparticles Incorporated into TiO2 Matrix towards 2-Chloroethyl Ethyl Sulfide
Crystals , Volume 11; doi:10.3390/cryst11060659
Abstract: Inexpensive strategies for efficient decontamination of hazardous chemicals are required. In this study, the effect of visible light (λ > 400 nm) on the decomposition of 2-chloroethyl ethyl sulfide (2-CEES, a sulfur mustard (HD) simulant) on Au/TiO2 photocatalyst under anaerobic and aerobic conditions has been investigated in situ by diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier –transformed spectroscopy (DRIFTS). Under anaerobic conditions, 2-CEES partially desorbs from the Au/TiO2 surface likely due to the photothermal effect, induced by photo-excited plasmonic Au nanoparticles. In the aerobic experiment, no visible light effect is observed. We attribute this behavior to 2-CEES consumption by hydrolysis to 2-ethylthio ethanol in the dark, prior to visible light excitation. Oxygen activates water molecules in the dark, resulting in accelerated 2-CEES hydrolysis.
Keywords: plasmonic gold nanoparticles / 2-chloroethyl ethyl sulfide / photocatalysis / in situ DRIFTS
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