Rationale and Study Design of the PARERE Trial: Randomized phase II Study of Panitumumab Re-Treatment Followed by Regorafenib Versus the Reverse Sequence in RAS and BRAF Wild-Type Chemo-Refractory Metastatic Colorectal Cancer PatientsShow More
Abstract: Background: A recent phase II randomized Japanese study reported better survival with regorafenib followed at progression by cetuximab +/- irinotecan compared with the reverse standard sequence in chemo-refractory and anti-EGFR-naïve, RAS wild-type (wt) mCRC patients. Nowadays the use of anti-EGFR antibodies is more frequently anticipated to the first-line of therapy especially in patients with left-sided RAS/BRAF wt tumours. However, retrospective analyses and phase II single-arm trials showed promising activity of re-using anti-EGFRs in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients who previously achieved benefit from a first-line anti-EGFR-based treatment. Post-hoc analyses of these trials revealed that the detection of RAS mutations in circulating tumour DNA (ct-DNA) at the time of re-treatment may be useful to identify resistant patients. Patients and Methods: PARERE (NCT04787341) is a prospective, open label, multicentre phase II study in which 214 RAS/BRAF wt chemo-refractory mCRC patients with previous benefit from first-line anti-EGFR-based treatment and RAS/BRAF wt ct-DNA in the liquid biopsy collected at the time of inclusion will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive panitumumab followed after progression by regorafenib versus the reverse sequence. Primary endpoint is overall survival. Secondary endpoints are 1st-progression free-survival (PFS), 2nd-PFS, time to failure strategy, objective response rate, and safety. Aim of the study: The aim of this study is to validate the role of anti-EGFR retreatment and its proper placement in the therapeutic route of mCRC patients selected according to the analysis of ct-DNA in liquid biopsy. Results are expected at the end of 2023.
Keywords: anti-EGFR rechallenge / circulating tumour DNA / metastatic colorectal cancer / panitumumab / regorafenib
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