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THE EFFECTS OF DIAGNOSTIC ULTRASOUND ON WISTAR RATS DURING PREGNANCY AND THE BEHAVIOR OF THEIR OFFSPRING IN THE OPEN FIELD

Alexander Tarkhnishvili, Marina Nikolaishvili

Abstract: The data obtained indicate that the impact of ultrasound on rats during their stay in the womb causes the development of anxiety and depression, which is clearly seen as a result of our observations. The decrease in anxiety is due not only to residual effects of organic changes in brain structures associated with the organization of behavior, in particular, specific glutamatergic neurons, the "attack center" of the hypothalamus, but also to the activation of the entire adaptive-compensatory system, which is carried out as a result of prolonged ultrasonic exposure. It is seen from the behavioral components we conducted, namely, from the results obtained in the "open field". The clarification of these issues will deepen the current understanding of the effects of prolonged 20-30 min ultrasound exposure in rats in utero, and future studies of animal nervous system dysfunction.
Keywords: BEHAVIOR / ultrasound / open field / adaptive / rats / structures / prolonged / exposure

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