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Hydrophilic gold nanospheres: influence of alendronate, memantine, and tobramycin on morphostructural features

, Mokhtar M. Mabrouk, El Zeiny M. Ebeid, Mohamed A. Abdel Hamid
Published: 22 November 2022

Abstract: Turkevich gold nanospheres are the original nanospheres that have been modified over time. Its combination with targeting medications such as alendronate, memantine, and tobramycin will provide additional benefits in targeting specific areas in the bone, brain, and microorganisms, respectively. Hence, The reactivity and stability of nanospheres with various drug concentrations (milli-,micro-, and nano-levels) have been studied. With alendronate, the absorbance spectra of nanospheres at $$\uplambda _{max}$$λmax 520 nm were always stable and no redshifts occurred. In contrast, the spectra with memantine and tobramycin were stable at the nano-level and redshifts occurred at the milli- and micro-levels. HRTEM and DLS revealed that the core diameter was relatively stable in all cases, whereas the hydrodynamic diameter and zeta potential varied with varying drug concentrations. Increasing concentration increased hydrodynamic diameter slightly with memantine (from 64.99 to 98.41 nm), dramatically with tobramycin (from 135.3 to 332.16 nm), and almost negligibly with alendronate (from 52.08 to 58.94 nm ). Zeta Potential, conversely, is reduced as concentration increases. Memantine had the greatest reduction in negativity, followed by tobramycin, but alendronate had a slight increase in negativity. Benefits from this research would be in targeted drug delivery, where stability and reactivity of gold nanospheres are critical.
Keywords: Gold nanospheres / Alendronate / Memantine / Tobramycin / Stability / Biocompatibility / Drug targeting

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