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ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY TEST OF EXTRACT ETHANOL OF JACKFRUIT LEAVES (Artocarpus heterophyllus. Lamk.) OF BACTERIA Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Salmonella typhi

Kasta Gurning, Dameria Siahaan, Iksen Iksen
Journal of Pharmaceutical And Sciences , Volume 2, pp 49-54; doi:10.36490/journal-jps.com.v2i2.28

Abstract: Jackfruit leaves (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lamk.) have health benefits as an antimicrobial. The leaves contain flavonoids, tannins, saponins which act as antimicrobials. The purpose of this study was to study the potential antibacterial activity of ethanol extract of jackfruit leaves (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lamk.) On the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and Salmonella typhi. This research conducted with an experimental method that included the collection and processing of samples, the examination of the simplicia characterization and phytochemical screening. The concentration of jackfruit leaf ethanol extract. Used was at a concentration of 500 mg mL, 400 mg/mL, 300 mg/mL, 200 mg/mL, 100 mg/mL, 100 mg/mL, 50 mg/mL , 25 mg/mL, 10 mg/mL 30 mg/ml chloramphenicol and blanks. Using the disk diffusion method to measure the clear zone against the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and Salmonella typhi. Antimicrobial inhibition of ethanol extract of jackfruit leaves against Staphylococcus aureus bacteria at a concentration of 500 mg/mL has a strong antibacterial inhibition with a diameter of 10.8 mm. The bacteria Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and Salmonella typhi at a concentration of 500 mg/mL have inhibitory power, 9.2 mm, 9.6 mm, and 8.8 mm in the medium category. Positive control chloramphenicol has powerful antibacterial inhibition with an inhibition zone diameter of 28.6 mm.
Keywords: leaves / staphylococcus / ethanol / Salmonella / Escherichia / Jackfruit / typhi / Coli / aureus / Epidermidis

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