The overpoling effect of alternating current poling on rhombohedral Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3 single crystals
Abstract: The overpoling effect of alternating current poling (ACP) was studied on -orientated rhombohedral Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-0.26PbTiO3 (PMN-0.26PT) single crystals. Our experimental results showed that the property enhancement from the ACP was remarkable only when the poling cycle number ( NL) was kept low. When ACP was continued after the saturation, dielectric and piezoelectric properties gradually dropped down to traditional direct current poled levels or even lower. Such a decrease in material properties caused by the large NL during ACP was defined as the “overpoling effect of ACP” in this study. The following lattice symmetry and domain structure characterization studies were performed through x-ray diffraction (XRD) and piezoelectric force microscopy (PFM) to find the origin of the overpoling effect. The XRD measurements combined with temperature dependence of dielectric properties demonstrated that the field-induced phase transition continued when the samples became overpoled. Further PFM measurements illustrated that the domain density of the overpoled ACP sample was significantly lower than that of the normal one, while the “2R” domain configuration was maintained through the ACP process. In addition, the hysteresis loop characterization indicated large decreases in the coercive fields. The discovered overpoling effect of ACP could help us understand the mechanisms of ACP and optimize the ACP process.
Keywords: ACP / sub / optimize / structure / current poling / overpoling effect / significantly lower
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