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Synthesis, biological evaluation, and computational studies of some novel quinazoline derivatives as anticancer agents

Leila Emami, Soghra Khabnadideh, Zahra Faghih, Farnoosh Farahvasi, Fatemeh Zonobi, Saman Zare Gheshlaghi, Shadi Daili, Ali Ebrahimi, Zeinab Faghih
Published: 22 November 2022

Abstract: A series of quinazolinone derivatives (7a7h) were synthesized as antiproliferative agents. All compounds, were synthesized through three steps method and structurally evaluated by FTIR, 1H-NMR, 13CNMR and Mass spectroscopy. Their cytotoxic activities were assessed using MTT protocol against three humans cancerous (MCF-7, A549 and 5637) and normal (MRC-5) cell lines. In addition, molecular docking and simulation studies of the synthesized compounds were performed to assessment their orientation, interaction mode against EGFR as plausible mechanism of quinazoline compounds as anticancer agents. The synthesized compounds mostly showed moderate activity against the three studied cell lines. They also indicated an appropriate selectivity against tumorigenic and non-tumorigenic cell line. The molecular docking results also confirmed biological activity. Most of the compounds fulfilled Lipinski rule. Collectively, these compounds with further modification can be considered as potent antiproliferative agents.
Keywords: Quinazoline / Synthesis / Anticancer agents / Computational Studies

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