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The Governance Of Arzew Port: Between The Pressure Of An Economic Challenge And The Creation Of Public Value

M. Korbaa Fouad, Gadi Ibtissem
Published: 1 January 2022

Abstract: Algeria is oriented towards the promotion of non-hydrocarbon exports. The value of this enterprise is due to reach five billion dollars in 2021.This new economic policy should rely on the dynamic of ports platforms. The port is a complex organisation similar to a network company, it is an implantation location for companies concerned with optimizing their import/export operations. The port of Arzew is a main gateway for Algerian exports. For non-hydrocarbons, Customs notes that five products exported to western Algeria totaled more than 75% of non-hydrocarbon exports. These are mineral or chemical nitrogen fertilizers (urea), anhydrous ammonia oils, finished products from the steel industry, cement and others. Today, ports must be exemplary in terms of governance policy, installation, infrastructure and logistical tools. Certainly, a new role is taking shape and imposing itself on the port authority, its new functions are described as ‘new governance agenda’. This concerns its role, which is called upon to contribute with other actors in all areas (environmental, economic, social, territorial, etc.). Increasingly, ports have become creators of public value. This concept is closely linked to the establishment of collaborative governance because of the importance of stakeholders. public value is the result of the coordination of different actors-networks, with this in mind, authors insist on making the link between public action and the stakeholders by clarifying the objectives and purposes of the public products and services that must include the production of value not only for the individuals directly affected but also for the communities concerned. Nowadays, ports must be exemplary in terms of governance policy, installation, infrastructure and logistical tools. The objective of our research is to examine the governance in place in supporting non-hydrocarbon exports in a Algeria west region. The approach pursued in this work is based on the applicability of a model of the creation of public value or ‘network governance’. The results obtained have made it possible to highlight the positive impact of port facilities on exports, while the governance in place is of capital importance.
Keywords: nitrogen fertilizers / optimizing / exports / Creation / logistical tools / governance policy / infrastructure and logistical / exemplary / terms of governance

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