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Assessment of potential and limitation of Jhamarkotra area: A perspective of geoheritage, geo park and geotourism

, Anjan Sen, Lalit Mohan Verma, Ravi Mishra, Vinod Kumar

Abstract: Geodiversity has tremendous geological and physical elements on the planet earth such as minerals, rocks, soils, fossils, and landforms, as well as active geological and geomorphological processes. Geodiversity constitutes the natural diversity for the richness of geoheritage sites and it attracts geotourism. The prime objective of this research is to identify the potentials and limitations for geo-diversity in the Jhamarkotra area, Udaipur. It's based on qualitative and quantitative information, which were collected through numerous sources such as USGS (Sentinel-2A) satellite data, Bhuvan, and in-depth literature review. All Data has been analyzed through ArcGIS, Erdas software, and bibliographical-speculative method. The Matrix of NDVI, LULC, DEM, BSI. Geology has been calculated for suitability and vulnerability for geoheritage and geotourism site of the Jhamarkotra Area. As well as SWOT analysis (strengths, weakness, opportunity and threat) and TOWS matrix (threat, opportunity, weakness and strengths) were used for systematic analysis of these outcomes for develop geotourism. Results showed that the Jhamarkotra area has maximum potentials with suitable physical and cultural features. On the other hand, it has some minuscule problems such as deprived communities and lack of knowledge to develop geoheritage sites for geotourism activities. Eventually, the Jhamarkotra Area needs an inclusive and holistic approach with sustainable mining, processing, eco-friendly geotourism activities, and integration of all stakeholders to cultivate for geoheritage and geopark ecosystem, which will be supportive of grass route to worldwide geoheritage services.
Keywords: Geo-heritage / Geo-diversity / Geo tourism / Geo-park / Sustainable development

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